During an outbreak of avian influenza or swine influenza, influenza vaccination is strongly recommended for:46
people who work in the poultry or pork industries
people in regular close contact with poultry or pigs
Routine seasonal influenza vaccination does not protect against avian or swine influenza. However, it is possible that, if a person is co-infected with avian or swine and human strains of influenza virus, the 2 strains could reassort and form a virulent strain. This strain could then spread from human to human and start a pandemic. This was the case with the swine influenza pandemic in 2009.47
Influenza vaccination can also prevent humans from transmitting influenza to animals.
The Department of Health and Aged Care acknowledges First Nations peoples as the Traditional Owners of Country throughout Australia, and their continuing connection to land, sea and community. We pay our respects to them and their cultures, and to all Elders both past and present.