Susceptible household-like contacts of people with hepatitis B are strongly recommended to receive hepatitis B vaccine. This includes household members of an adoptive family if the adopted child is known to have chronic hepatitis B.
There is a low, but definite, risk of transmission from a person with acute or chronic hepatitis B to household or other close (household-like) contacts. Examples of household-like contacts are students or asylum seekers sharing residential facilities. This risk can be reduced by avoiding contact with blood and other body fluids, and not sharing items that may penetrate the skin (such as combs, nail brushes, toothbrushes and razors).
The Department of Health and Aged Care acknowledges First Nations peoples as the Traditional Owners of Country throughout Australia, and their continuing connection to land, sea and community. We pay our respects to them and their cultures, and to all Elders both past and present.