Tuberculosis is rare in infants and young children born in Australia. However, infants born in Australia to parents from countries with a high tuberculosis incidence (>40 cases per 100,000 population per year) may have a higher risk of tuberculosis exposure in their early life.4 See Epidemiology.

These infants are not routinely vaccinated because of the uncertainty of the risks and benefits. However, BCG vaccination may be recommended in some cases, based on a risk assessment. Consult state or territory guidelines.

Page history

Last updated: 
5 June 2018
Last reviewed: 
5 June 2018


bacille Calmette-Guérin