Tuberculosis is rare in infants and young children born in Australia. However, infants born in Australia to parents from countries with a high tuberculosis incidence (>40 cases per 100,000 population per year) may have a higher risk of tuberculosis exposure in their early life.4 See Epidemiology.
These infants are not routinely vaccinated because of the uncertainty of the risks and benefits. However, BCG vaccination may be recommended in some cases, based on a risk assessment. Consult state or territory guidelines.
The Department of Health and Aged Care acknowledges First Nations peoples as the Traditional Owners of Country throughout Australia, and their continuing connection to land, sea and community. We pay our respects to them and their cultures, and to all Elders both past and present.