Migrants from hepatitis B–endemic countries are recommended to receive testing for hepatitis B, and vaccination if appropriate. 

These people are more likely to: 

  • have been previously infected with hepatitis B virus
  • have a close household contact with chronic hepatitis B 

Areas of high endemicity, indicated by high seroprevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen, include:20

  • most of East and Southeast Asia (except Japan)
  • Pacific island countries
  • parts of central Asia and the Middle East
  • the Amazon Basin
  • sub-Saharan Africa 

Adult-formulation hepatitis B vaccine should be given in a 3-dose schedule. See Table. Monovalent hepatitis B vaccines for adolescents and adults in Vaccines, dosage and administration.

See also Vaccination for migrants, refugees and people seeking asylum in Australia

Page history

Last updated: 
4 June 2018
Last reviewed: 
4 June 2018