Migrants from hepatitis B–endemic countries are recommended to receive testing for hepatitis B, and hepatitis B vaccine as appropriate
Migrants from hepatitis B–endemic countries are recommended to receive testing for hepatitis B, and vaccination if appropriate.
These people are more likely to:
- have been previously infected with hepatitis B virus
- have a close household contact with chronic hepatitis B
Areas of high endemicity, indicated by high seroprevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen, include:20
- most of East and Southeast Asia (except Japan)
- Pacific island countries
- parts of central Asia and the Middle East
- the Amazon Basin
- sub-Saharan Africa
Adult-formulation hepatitis B vaccine should be given in a 3-dose schedule. See Table. Monovalent hepatitis B vaccines for adolescents and adults in Vaccines, dosage and administration.