Markers and results

Interpretation

  • HBsAg negative
  • Anti-HBc negative
  • Anti-HBs negative

Susceptible

  • HBsAg negative
  • Anti-HBc positive
  • Anti-HBs positive

Immune from natural infection

  • HBsAg negative
  • Anti-HBc negative
  • Anti-HBs positive

Immune from vaccination

  • HBsAg positive
  • Anti-HBc positive
  • IgM anti-HBc positive
  • Anti-HBs negative

Acute infection

  • HBsAg positive
  • Anti-HBc positive
  • IgM anti-HBc negative
  • Anti-HBs negative

Chronic infection

  • HBsAg negative
  • Anti-HBc positive
  • Anti-HBs negative

Inconclusive

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Table. Interpreting serological and skin test results before Q fever vaccination

Last updated: 
5 June 2018
Last reviewed: 
5 June 2018

Definitions

HBsAg
hepatitis B surface antigen
anti-HBc
antibody to hepatitis B core antigen