Exposure category

Description

Post-exposure prophylaxis management

Category I: no exposure

  • Touching or feeding animals
  • Animal licks on intact skin
  • Exposure to animal blood, urine or faeces

No prophylaxis required if contact history is reliable

Category II: exposure

  • Nibbling of uncovered skin
  • Minor scratches or abrasions without bleeding

See the following, depending on the circumstances:

Category III: severe exposure

  • Single or multiple transdermal bites or scratches
  • Contamination of mucous membrane or broken skin with saliva from animal licks
  • Exposures from direct contact with bats in situations where bites or scratches may not be apparent. Some bats have small teeth and claws, so bites or scratches may not be apparent

See the following, depending on the circumstances:

Last updated: 
27 September 2021
Last reviewed: 
27 September 2021