Type of exposure

Description

Post-exposure prophylaxis management

Category I: no exposure

  • Touching or feeding animals
  • Animal licks on intact skin

No prophylaxis required if contact history is reliable

Category II: exposure

  • Nibbling of uncovered skin
  • Minor scratches or abrasions without bleeding

See the following, depending on the circumstances:

Category III: severe exposure

  • Single or multiple transdermal bites or scratches
  • Contamination of mucous membrane or broken skin with saliva from animal licks
  • Exposures due to direct contact with bats

See the following, depending on the circumstances:

Source: Modified from WHO11

Last updated: 
5 June 2018
Last reviewed: 
5 June 2018

Definitions

WHO
World Health Organization