Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are recommended to receive extra vaccines. Some are free through the National Immunisation Program (NIP). These extra vaccines help protect against serious diseases. Adolescents aged 15–18 years should receive seasonal influenza vaccine every year (funded under the NIP). Adults should receive hepatitis B vaccine if non-immune and non-vaccinated. They should also receive seasonal influenza vaccine every year (funded under the NIP) and pneumococcal vaccine — 1 dose of 23vPPV at 50 years of age and another dose 5 years later (funded under the NIP) and a further dose of 23vPPV for those with risk conditions >65 years old, given 5 years after the 1st dose (funded under the NIP). Non-pregnant women of child-bearing age should receive measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) if seronegative for rubella). People living in the outer Torres Strait islands should receive Japanese encephalitis vaccine. See the Australian Immunisation Handbook for more details.
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- 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine