Adolescents aged ≥15 years and adults who are at risk of infection with Coxiella burnettii are recommended to receive Q fever vaccine
Q fever vaccine is recommended for people aged ≥15 years who are at risk of infection with C. burnetii and have not had previous Q fever infection or vaccination.
Pre-vaccination testing is needed before vaccination.
People at risk of Q fever include:
- abattoir workers
- stockyard workers
- animal transporters
- veterinarians, veterinary nurses and veterinary students
- professional dog and cat breeders
- agricultural college staff and students
- wildlife and zoo workers who work with high-risk animals
- animal refuge workers
- laboratory workers who handle veterinary specimens or work with C. burnetii
- other people exposed to high-risk animals, particularly cattle, camels, sheep, goats and kangaroos (including their products of conception, such as placental tissue and birth fluids)
Q fever vaccine is not recommended for children aged <15 years. No data are available on the safety or efficacy of Q fever vaccine in this age group.
Booster doses of Q fever vaccine are not recommended. This is because:
- vaccine immunity appears to last at least 5 years
- there is a risk of serious local adverse events in people with pre-existing immunity to C. burnetii
Printed content may be out of date. For up to date information, always refer to the digital version: https://immunisationhandbook.health.gov.au/recommendations/adolescents-aged-15-years-and-adults-who-are-at-risk-of-infection-with-coxiella.