Vaccination for preterm infants
Preterm infants may need extra doses of some vaccines to optimise protection against disease
Preterm (premature) infants are those born at <37 weeks gestation. Extremely preterm infants are born at <28 weeks gestation.
Prematurity can increase the child’s risk of vaccine-preventable diseases.1-3
Despite their immunological immaturity, preterm infants generally respond well to vaccines.4-6 Provided they are medically stable and there are no contraindications to vaccination, preterm infants should receive vaccines according to the recommended schedule at their chronological age, without correction for prematurity.7-9
Consider the child’s birth weight, the precise gestational age and the presence of any chronic medical condition(s) before giving vaccines.
- 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine
- 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine
- antibody to hepatitis B surface antigen
- hepatitis B surface antigen
- polyribosylribitol phosphate
- pertussis toxoid
- sudden infant death syndrome