We are building this new website to better deliver information. Find out more. We are building this new website to better deliver information. Find out more.
Let us know what you think.

Vaccination for preterm infants

Preterm infants may need extra doses of some vaccines to optimise protection against disease

Preterm (premature) infants are those born at <37 weeks gestation. Extremely preterm infants are born at <28 weeks gestation.

Prematurity can increase the child’s risk of vaccine-preventable diseases.1-3 
Despite their immunological immaturity, preterm infants generally respond well to vaccines.4-6 Provided they are medically stable and there are no contraindications to vaccination, preterm infants should receive vaccines according to the recommended schedule at their chronological age, without correction for prematurity.7-9

Consider the child’s birth weight, the precise gestational age and the presence of any chronic medical condition(s) before giving vaccines. 
 

Page history

Date added: 
9 June 2018
Last updated: 
7 June 2018
Last reviewed: 
7 June 2018
Previous

Vaccination for women who are planning pregnancy, pregnant or breastfeeding

Next

Vaccination for people who have had an adverse event following immunisation

Definitions

13vPCV
13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine
23vPPV
23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine
anti-HBs
antibody to hepatitis B surface antigen
HBsAg
hepatitis B surface antigen
PRP
polyribosylribitol phosphate
PT
pertussis toxoid
SIDS
sudden infant death syndrome